Sambells Y-DNA Sample #1

Sambells Y-DNA Sample #1 The FTDNA Map below details the migration of the 27 major haplotypes across the planet from the original homo sapien population “Adam’s” home in the rift valley of Africa. It was likely that the R1b haplotype that is depicted moving into Europe would prove to be the genetic base to the SAMBELL(S) clan. Would testing prove this ?

R1b1a2 M269 Dene Sambells recently received his YDNA-67 test results back from FTDNA which has defined his haplotype as R1b, and more specifically R1b1ac. So what does this mean?

The R1b Haplogroup originated in the Middle East (Levant) in what is the modern day region consisting of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan about 12000 years ago. These were the descendent of ancient African forebears whom had settled in the wider Mesopotamia region and developed arable cropping and pastoral husbandry before continuing the spread of humanity into Europe.

The R1b1a2 (M269) subclade is the most frequently found grouping today, with more than half of Western European and American males belonging to it. Investigation has shown in to have most likely originated in the Western Anatolian region 8500 – 12000 years ago and gradual expanded into Europe through the Balkans and Danube Valley.

When Europe experienced its last significant cooling period “The Last Glacial Maximum” its inhabitants retreated south into the Mediterranean where the R1b groups subclades developed – R1b1a2 deemed to have arisen from the Iberian Peninsula – Spain & Portugal, with the Ukraine, the Balkans and Siberia providing refuge for the others. The Iberians subclade considered the original reindeer hunting inhabitants of the area post-Neanderthal.

Eupedia (2012) The modern day distribution of the R1b haplogroup can be seen on the following map (Eupedia – 2012). It has a clear west – east incline with its strongest prevalence in the populations of Ireland and the Basque regions of Spain and through Brittany, France.

It has been recommended that Dene also conduct a Deep Clade test which will further clarify the sub-clade that he (the SAMBELLS) belongs. The Phylogenetic Tree (Nov 2011) over page is a view of the current knowledge gained from the numerous DNA tests assessed to date. The International Society of Genetic Genealogists (ISOGG) continually updates this based on new findings. The R1b1a2 subclade can be seen near the top of the tree. We will report on the findings of this test when they come to hand.

The FTDNA website hosts numerous surname and haplogroup projects. They have two specific to the R1b and R1b1a2 haplogroups and participants number 3887 and 876 respectively.

Dene Sambells results are registered under Richard Sambell in the R1b1a2* project, whom is his forebear back 10 generations [high confidence]. It’s clear that comparison with all 876 participants shows for just the first 12 markers of 67 compared there is no close match or common recent ancestor. A study by Capelli reported in Campbells Geographic Patterns of Haplogroup R1b in the British Isles (2007) showed the 13, 23, 15, 10, 12, 13 result for was only represented in 0.4% of its 1301 participants. One of these was from Cornwall. No participant had 13, 23, 15, 10, 11, 14 as its first four markers. There are also no R1b participants with the same 12 marker results, the closest with only 10 matches. This is excellent news, with all future Sambells DNA Project participants potentially / probably more closely aligning to Dene’s genetic profile and providing greater proof of our relatedness. Therefore if you have wondered whether participating could add benefit to what you have already learnt from standard genealogical research, I hope this whets your appetite and motivates you to join in. Frank Sambells has already submitted his sample and we look forward to reporting back on our findings.


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